Four major types of fire sprinkler systems: which one is right for your commercial building?

Every building has unique needs when it comes to a fire protection system. The best results come from a company that will design, build and then install fire system for your facility. For an idea about what sprinkler type will work best, we offer a description of the four most common types.

Pre-action sprinklers

Every company’s owner or building manager will tell you that their facilities contain valuable items, but pre-action sprinklers are designed for facilities with truly valuable items, such as books, art, public records, or the data you find in data centers.

In a pre-action system, the water that comes out of the sprinkler heads is not in the pipes leading to them until an actual emergency occurs. Instead, an electronically operated valve holds the water back and the pipes are filled with gas, generally pressurized air or nitrogen.

In order for the sprinklers to be activated, two triggers must be activated, allowing the water to flow to the sprinklers. This is considered a necessary precaution, protecting the valuable contents of the facility from accidental water damage.

Wet pipe sprinklers

These are designed much like a pre-action sprinkler system. However, the pipes are constantly filled with water, allowing them to react quickly in the event of a fire. You’ll find these in high-rise buildings and in commercial property.

The advantage of having the wet pipe system installed is that they are fairly low maintenance and cost effective. They are also among the most common used in commercial and residential fire prevention solutions.

Dry pipe sprinklers

Like a pre-action system, the dry pipe system is filled with pressurized air. When a fire occurs, the pressurized air is released and the water is allowed to flow from the control valve outside of the protected area.

Warehouses that have no temperature control will use this system, as freezing temperatures won’t cause water within the pipes to burst. Basically, any facility that does not have heat during cold months will benefit from using this type of system.

Deluge sprinkler system

Most industrial facilities will install deluge systems because they have the ability to snuff out fires related to highly combustible materials, such as in a chemical plant, oil refinery, etc.

Smoke detectors, heat detectors and loss of pressure line systems are used to set off the deluge system, which could utilize water to put down the flames, but often will use dry chemicals or foam, which is more effective when the source of the fire is from a highly flammable liquid. This system will also have multiple sprinklers, which help to saturate an affected area where fire would otherwise spread rapidly.

Licensed experts of commercial building fire sprinkler systems

At Valley Fire Protection Systems, we can assist you in bringing the right system to your facility. We will design, build and install the system. Fire sprinkler system services help identify potential problems with your fire sprinkler system before they become life-threatening issues. We will also carry out regular inspection, repair and maintain your fire sprinkler system.

Having problems with your fire sprinkler system? Let us know how we can help you, call us at: (844) 771-3168

Tom Hartel
President/Author
Tom Hartel

I acquired my expertise by directing day-to-day operations of the business for over 20 years. Continuous hard work helped me become a nationally recognized speaker and expert on fire protection, fire sprinklers, special hazards, and plumbing systems. In this blog, I share my knowledge that will hopefully help you make better decisions for your projects.

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